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ⓘ Kulawarga basa Afroasiatika




Kulawarga basa Afroasiatika
                                     

ⓘ Kulawarga basa Afroasiatika

Basa Afro-Asiatik iku rumpun basa kanggo anggota mèh 240 basa lan 285 yuta penutur sing sumebar ing laladan Afrika Lor, Afrika Wétan, Sahel, lan Asia Kidul-Kulon. Jeneng liya tumrap rumpun basa iki ya iku Afrasia, Hamito-Semitik, Lisramic, Erythraean. Sajeroning rumpun basa iki kalebu basa-basa tinulis klasik sing duwé sajarah dawa, malah paling dawa,kaya déné basa Arab, basa Ibrani, basa Amharik, lan basa Koptik. Basa Arab duwé prabawa kuwat marang basa Melayu/basa Indonesia amarga panggunaan minangka basa kitab suci agama Islam. Siji-sijiné basa Afroasiatik sing didadèkaké basa resmi ing Uni Éropah ya iku basa Malta.

Subrumpun basa ini ya iku:

  • Basa-basa Kushitik
  • Basa-basa Chadik
  • Basa-basa Semitik
  • Basa Beja subklasifikasi kontroversial; kanthi umum kalebu minangka basa Kushitik
  • Basa-basa Omotik kontroversial; kadhangkala dianggep Afroasiatik jaba
  • Basa-basa Egiptik/Koptik
  • Basa-basa Berber
                                     

1. Bibliografi etimologi

Sawetara sumber utama etimologi Afro-Asia kalebu:

  • Igor M. Diakonoff et al., "Historical-Comparative Vocabulary of Afrasian", St. Petersburg Journal of African Studies No. 2-6, 1993-7.
  • Christopher Ehret. Reconstructing Proto-Afroasiatic Proto-Afrasian: Vowels, Tone, Consonants, and Vocabulary University of California Publications in Linguistics 126, California, Berkeley 1996.
  • Vladimir E. Orel dan Olga V. Stolbova, Hamito-Semitic Etymological Dictionary: Materials for a Reconstruction, Brill, Leiden 1995
  • Marcel Cohen, Essai comparatif sur la vocabulaire et la phonétique du chamito-sémitique, Champion, Paris 1947.
                                     

2. Sumber

  • Russell G. Schuh, Chadic Overview.
  • Zuckermann, Ghilad 2012, Burning Issues in Afro-Asiatic Linguistics.
  • Merritt Ruhlen, A Guide to the Worlds Languages, Stanford University Press, Stanford 1991.
  • Lionel Bender et al., Selected Comparative-Historical Afro-Asiatic Studies in Memory of Igor M. Diakonoff, LINCOM 2003.
  • African Language History pdf, Roger Blench
  • Ethnologue
  • Bernd Heine dan Derek Nurse, African Languages, Cambridge University Press, 2000 - Bab 4
  • Zuckermann, Ghilad 2003, Language Contact and Lexical Enrichment in Israeli Hebrew, Palgrave Macmillan ISBN 9781403917232
  • Zuckermann, Ghilad 2014, Jewish Language Contact = International Journal of the Sociology of Language 226.
                                     
  • sujarahé, wong - wong iki nyaturaké basa Bèrbèr, singa salé saka cawangé basa Bèrbèr saka kulawarga basa Afroasiatika Awit panalukan Muslim Afrika Lor